Armenia is one of the most ancient countries of the world. It is situated along the route of the Great Silk Road. Geographers called the Armenian Highlands the "Island of Mountains" or the "Rooftop of Asia Minor". Armenia has borders with Georgia to the north, with Turkey to the west and south, with Azerbaijan to the east and southwest, and with Iran to the south.
Armenia is the first country to adopt Christianity as state religion. Jesus Christ`s apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew preached in Armenia and Armenian Apostolic Church is named after them. Gregory the Illuminator (Lusavorich), who baptized Armenia in 301, became the first Catholicos of all Armenians. When Armenia became the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion, the need of an indigenous language arose in order to translate the Bible. A devoted scholar and monk, Mesrop Mashtots, created a distinctly Armenian alphabet after traveling all over Armenia to gather the sounds of Armenian speech. In 405 AD he introduced the thirty-six unique characters that make up the basis of the Armenian alphabet. During the Middle Ages, two additional characters were added to write words borrowed from foreign languages.
Mount Ararat is the symbol of Armenia. Noah landed on Mount Ararat on his ark after the waters of the World Flood subsided “And the ark rested in the 7th month, on the 17th day of the month, upon the mountain of Ararat”.
Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia, is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is founded in 782 B.C. by king Argishti l. It is 29 years older than Rome. A few years ago in the village of Areni the old shoe in the world was discovered. It aged over 5500 years. In 2014 Armenian Lavash (bread) was included in the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. Here are 9 cultural sights on the territory of Armenia, which are under protection of UNESCO.
Architecture is one of the most interesting art forms in Armenia. The Armenians created their masterpieces during rare periods of peace and relative prosperity over the centuries. Within Yerevan alone there are more than 40 fine arts museums and galleries.